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        中國草莓屬植物種質資源的研究、開發與利用進展

        蘇代發 童江云 楊俊譽 陳杉艷 羅志偉 沈雪梅 賴泳紅 ArslanJamil 魏世杰 崔曉龍

        引用本文:
        Citation:

        中國草莓屬植物種質資源的研究、開發與利用進展

          作者簡介: 蘇代發(1994-),男,云南人,碩士生,研究方向為野生生物種質資源.E-mail:2559561107@qq.com.;
          通訊作者: 魏世杰, shijie.wei@aliyun.com ; 崔曉龍, shijie.wei@aliyun.com
        • 基金項目:

          國家自然科學基金(31660089)

          昆明市農業科學研究院博士后工作扶持站經費.

        Advances in research,exploitation and utilization of Fragaria spp. germplasm resources in China

          Corresponding author: WEI Shi-jie, shijie.wei@aliyun.com ;CUI Xiao-long, shijie.wei@aliyun.com
        • 摘要: 在對草莓屬(Fragaria spp.)的全球分布、分類地位及栽培種鳳梨草莓(Fragaria×ananassa Duch.ex Lamarck)的演化歷史進行簡要論述的基礎上,對國內關于草莓屬種質資源的研究、開發與利用進展進行了較詳細的綜述.對草莓種質資源的研究包括:中國草莓屬種質資源的收集及對野生資源地理分布的調查,運用分子標記對草莓的親緣關系進行鑒定,對部分種質進行核型分析(五葉草莓、森林草莓、纖細草莓、黃毛草莓、綠色草莓、東北草莓和西南草莓)及基因組大小估計(五葉草莓(紅果、白果兩種類型)、黃毛草莓、西南草莓、東北草莓、森林草莓和綠色草莓),對草莓種質的功能基因進行挖掘,草莓種質的生理生化(光合特性、活性成分及非生物脅迫)及遺傳轉化研究.關于草莓種質資源的開發與利用,包括新品種的選育及引種與馴化,育種方式有實生育種、雜交育種、誘變育種和生物技術育種,而最主要的育種方式是雜交育種.同時與國外的同類研究進行了比較分析,提出了在草莓屬種質資源的研究、開發與利用過程中存在的問題并作出了相應的展望.
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        • 收稿日期:  2018-09-20
        • 刊出日期:  2018-11-10

        中國草莓屬植物種質資源的研究、開發與利用進展

          作者簡介:蘇代發(1994-),男,云南人,碩士生,研究方向為野生生物種質資源.E-mail:2559561107@qq.com.
          通訊作者: 魏世杰, shijie.wei@aliyun.com
          通訊作者: 崔曉龍, shijie.wei@aliyun.com
        • 1. 云南大學 生命科學學院,云南 昆明 650091;
        • 2. 昆明市農業科學研究院,云南 昆明 650034
        基金項目:  國家自然科學基金(31660089) 昆明市農業科學研究院博士后工作扶持站經費.

        摘要: 在對草莓屬(Fragaria spp.)的全球分布、分類地位及栽培種鳳梨草莓(Fragaria×ananassa Duch.ex Lamarck)的演化歷史進行簡要論述的基礎上,對國內關于草莓屬種質資源的研究、開發與利用進展進行了較詳細的綜述.對草莓種質資源的研究包括:中國草莓屬種質資源的收集及對野生資源地理分布的調查,運用分子標記對草莓的親緣關系進行鑒定,對部分種質進行核型分析(五葉草莓、森林草莓、纖細草莓、黃毛草莓、綠色草莓、東北草莓和西南草莓)及基因組大小估計(五葉草莓(紅果、白果兩種類型)、黃毛草莓、西南草莓、東北草莓、森林草莓和綠色草莓),對草莓種質的功能基因進行挖掘,草莓種質的生理生化(光合特性、活性成分及非生物脅迫)及遺傳轉化研究.關于草莓種質資源的開發與利用,包括新品種的選育及引種與馴化,育種方式有實生育種、雜交育種、誘變育種和生物技術育種,而最主要的育種方式是雜交育種.同時與國外的同類研究進行了比較分析,提出了在草莓屬種質資源的研究、開發與利用過程中存在的問題并作出了相應的展望.

        English Abstract

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